Between the iliac bones and sacrum are located the SI joints that link the spine with the hips. Providing stability, flexibility and support, the joints absorb the impact when an individual lifts or walks. If we talk from the back region of human body, SI joints are below the waist right at the point with the two dimples.
SI joints are supported by the muscles and ligaments. With age, an individual’s cartilage wears down, which leads to rubbing together of the bones, thereby, causing severe pain. Since the SI joint has fluid and nerve endings, it causes pain when the joints either don’t move appropriately or degenerate.
Extremity of the pain varies from mild to severe and depends on the level of injury and the cause behind. While acute joint pain happens all of a sudden and goes away in few days or weeks, chronic pain extends for more than three months and may increase while doing certain activities.
Though SI joint pain usually happens on one side, it can happen on both the sides as well. Noticeable signs & symptoms make it obvious to understand whether a person is affected by SI joint pain. The most usual indicators are:
Below outlined causes are the major reasons that make a person undergo the wrath of terrible pain:
Other reasons are:
Yoga, physical therapy and massage are considered the effectual ways to stabilize the pain and strengthen the joints, which then curbs the pain to a great extent. Apart from these, cold packs, pain medication and injections are also the good alternatives. Upon settling down the pain, one can soak in a warm bath or apply heat wrap or heating pad. Last but not the least, SI joint can be supported through a sacroiliac belt to reduce the pain.
Exercises have always been a great support to lean on when it comes to overcome the discomfort and seek long-term joint pain relief . Take a look at some proven exercises that are highly helpful for those who are suffering from SI joint pain.
You might be interested in “Ouch! My Knees Pain Terribly.” – Your Story? Put An End With These Exercises
This one is gentle yet promising. It can be done by laying flat on the back with the knees bent and feet placed flat on the floor. With the lower back anchored on the floor and the lower spine still, knees have to be gently swayed to the left. The position is held for a few seconds, upon which knees are returned to center. The same has to be repeated on the right side. 8-10 repetitions for each leg have to be done.
Beauty of this exercise is the fact that is stretches the hips and relaxes the muscles. It starts with hands and knees, as knees have to be spread apart and buttocks are made to rest on the heels. Arms have to be extended with the palms facing down. One must extend their arms as far as possible. The pose has to be held for a minute and has to be repeated in between the stretches as required.
This exercise supports the SI joint by strengthening the glutes and lower back. The person has to lie on their back with knees bent, arms against the body and palms against the floor. Squeezing the buttocks, hips are raised off the ground to assure the torso aligns into a straight diagonal line. The position has to be held for 5 seconds. The exercise has to be repeated 8-10 times.
It stretches the back and hips and can be done as single stretch as well as double stretch.
The exercise is good for the abdominal muscles and lower back. Spine and neck are to be kept in a neutral position while looking at the ground. Right leg is extended behind and left arm is extended forward. Shoulders and hips are kept straight to assure the back doesn’t arch. The position has to be held for 5 seconds and per side repetitions to do are 6-10.
SI joint pain is a condition that affects millions of people across the world and has to be taken seriously to prevent the trouble from exceeding the tolerance level. If you are yourself going through it or know someone with the condition, share with them this information and help them bring relief, if not end, to the joint pain.