Milk has acted as transport system to provide various healthy nutrients to humans. However, as the technology advanced, it started to cater more options for everyone as per their choices. Initially it was introduced – the era of full cream, semi-skimmed and skimmed milk. It didn’t stop until, the engineers sort out a way to commercially produce soy, rice, almond and coconut milk. Furthermore, the list goes on to provide processed milk like powdered , lactose-free , condensed and more.
Everything served well until the health enthusiasts tried to find the pros and cons of all types of milk and make one of them wear the crown of ‘The Best Milk Ever’.
So, which type of milk is the best in list?
The three common processes that milk goes through are:
- Pasteurization: It is important to treat milk at ultra-high temperature and increase its shelf life. This process also eliminates the harmful effect of medication given to the cattle in order to increase the production of milk.
- Homogenization: Milk fat and base tend to separate out when it is treated on high temperature so to maintain the consistency and texture, it is important to homogenize the product.
- Fortification: This is the final addition of all the nutrients that were boiled off due to heat. It is also added with Vitamin D to help the consumers absorb calcium in body.
Whatever your expectation or specification of milk are, you can serve yourself from the following types of milk available on most of the dairy shelves:
1. Cow Milk:
Almost 97% of the world is consuming the infamous cow’s milk ever since humans formed colonies. The dairy farming these days is highest producer of milk in market.
Nutritional Fact: per 100g of Cow milk sample, it is noted to have 1g of fat, 5g of carbohydrate and 3.4g of protein. Apart from macro nutrients, it is rich in calcium and and Vitamin B 12.
2. Lactose- Free Cow Milk:
40 millions of Americans are known to suffer from digestion discomfort, bloating, diarrhea, gastric issues due to lactose intolerance. Their inability to digest lactose because of absence of lactase enzyme makes it difficult to consume milk and its product. For them, Lactose-free cow milk entered the market which also has a longer shelf life than the normal cow milk.
Nutritional Fact: per 250ml has 9g of fat, 13g of carbohydrate, 25% of Vitamin D, 6% of Vitamin A and 30% of calcium.
3. Soy Milk:
The plant-based milk is made by soaking soybeans and then grinding them in water. This produces a consistent fluid which is high in protein and free from animal fat. It is favorite of lactose intolerant people who could enjoy the benefit of milk without getting affected by lactose.
Nutritional Fact: per 100g has 1.8g of fat, 6g carbohydrate, 3.3g of protein, 2% calcium, 5% Vitamin B12 and 3% Iron.
4. Coconut Milk:
It is a rich source of plant fat and protein which is easy on people who avert from animal milk.
Nutritional Fact: per 100g has 24g of fat, 6g of carbohydrate, 2.4g of protein 8% of Iron, 4% of Vitamin C and 9% of magnesium.
5. Camel Milk:
Camel milk is known to be healthier than cow’s milk because of its lightness. Though it is saltier and has a very little shelf life but due to its excellent health benefits it has made its way to market.
Nutritional Fact: per 100g it has 2g fat, 5g of carbohydrate, 3g of protein, 15% Calcium, 2% Vitamin A and 5% Vitamin C.
Whether you prefer animal or plant milk, one thing is for sure, every type has its own benefits.